Kingdom of Nepal
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The Kingdom of Nepal (Nepali: नेपाल अधिराज्य) was formed in 1768 by the unification of Nepal. Founded by King Prithvi Narayan Shah, a Gorkhali monarch, it existed for 240 years until the abolition of the Nepalese monarchy in 2008. During this period, Nepal was formally under the rule of the Shah dynasty, which exercised varying degrees of power during the kingdom's existence.
After a successful consolidation of its territory, despite a humiliating defeat to China after a failed invasion of Tibet in the 1790s, Nepal became threatened in the early-nineteenth century by British imperialism and the East India Company. Following the Anglo-Nepal War (1814–1816), the kingdom retained its independence in the Sugauli Treaty in exchange for territorial concessions equating to a third of the territory then under Nepalese rule, sometimes known as "Greater Nepal". Political instability following the war resulted in the political ascendancy of the Rana dynasty, who beginning with Jung Bahadur became the hereditary Prime Ministers of Nepal from 1843 to 1951, reducing the role of the Shah monarch to that of a figurehead. Rana rule was marked by tyranny, debauchery, economic exploitation and religious persecution.
The mid-twentieth century began an era of moves towards the democratisation of Nepal. The newly independent India would play an important role in supporting King Tribhuhvan, whom the Rana leader Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana in 1950 had attempted to depose and replace with his infant grandson King Gyanendra, and in supporting a new government consisting largely of the Nepali Congress, effectively ending the rule of the Rana dynasty.
The 1990s saw the beginning of the Nepalese Civil War (1996–2006), a conflict fought between government forces and the insurgent forces of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). The situation for the Nepalese monarchy was further destabilised by the 2001 Nepalese royal massacre, in which Crown Prince Dipendra reportedly shot and killed ten people, including his father King Birendra, and was himself mortally wounded by what was allegedly a self-inflicted gunshot.
As a result of the massacre, King Gyanendra returned to the throne. His imposition of direct rule in 2005 provoked a protest movement unifying the Maoist insurgency and pro-democracy activists. He was eventually forced to restore Nepal's House of Representatives, which in 2007 adopted an interim constitution greatly restricting the powers of the Nepalese monarchy. Following an election held the next year, the Nepalese Constituent Assembly formally abolished the kingdom in its first session on 28 May 2008, declaring in its place the establishment of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.


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Kingdom of Nepal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Kingdom of Nepal (Nepali: नेपाल अधिराज्य) was formed in 1768 by the unification of Nepal. Founded by King Prithvi Narayan Shah, a Gorkhali ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Nepal
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History of Nepal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The history of Nepal has been influenced by its isolated position in the ... Central Nepal was split in three kingdoms from the 15th century until the 18th century, ...
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List of monarchs of Nepal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The King of Nepal was Nepal's head of state and monarch from 1768 to 2008. He served as the head of the Nepalese monarchy — Shah Dynasty. The King was ...
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Nepal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nepal officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked sovereign state located in South Asia. With an area ...
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Nepal - Country Profile of the Republic of Nepal - Nations Online
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KINGDOM OF NEPAL - asprs
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Royalty.nu - Royalty in Nepal
Bahadur Shah: The Regent of Nepal by Bhadra Ratna Bajracharya. Bahadur Shah, who lived in the 18th century, was regent of the kingdom for nine years.
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An Account of The Kingdom of Nepal, by Fancis Buchanan Hamilton
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Nepal Home Page
750-1200, "Transitional" kingdom in power in Kathmandu Valley ... 1814-1816, The Anglo-Nepalese War and the resulting Treaty of Sagauli reduces the territory  ...
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GlobaLex - Research Guide of the Legal System of Kingdom of Nepal
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Kingdom of Nepal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Kingdom of Nepal (Nepali: नेपाल अधिराज्य) was formed in 1768 by the unification of Nepal. Founded by King Prithvi Narayan Shah, a Gorkhali ...
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An Account of The Kingdom of Nepal And of the Territories Annexed to this Dominion by the House of Gorkha
An Account of The Kingdom of Nepal And of the Territories Annexed to this Dominion by the House of Gorkha
Francis Hamilton, 2011
This book was converted from its physical edition to the digital format by a community of volunteers. You may find it for free on the web. Purchase of the Kindle edition includes wireless delivery.
An Account of the Kingdom of Nepal (Illustrated)
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Francis Hamilton, 2013
This book is an illustrated version of the original An Account of The Kingdom of Nepal by Francis Hamilton. “The account of Sikim is chiefly taken from a Lama, or priest of Buddha, who, with part of his flock, had fled into the district of Puraniya, to escape from the violence of the Gorkhalese, and who constructed a map of the country, which I hav...
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W. Kirkpatrick, 1996
Being The Substance Of Observations Made During A Mission To That Country In The Year 1793.
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